From there, he and his successors taught the Christian religion throughout much of Scotland and northern England. Columbanus went to France and Italy; Gall, to Switzerland; Kilian, to Germany; and Livinius, to the Netherlands.
They founded monasteries in many of the places that they visited.
He was replaced by Patrick who landed in Ireland in 432, he become the patron saint of Ireland. When he was about 16 years of age, he was captured by Irish raiders (probably acting under the orders of the Irish king Niall Noigiallach 'Niall of the Nine Hostages') . or six years, he herded sheep for his Irish master, it is said on Slemish mountain County Antrim.
He escaped, legend tells us that he stowed away on a ship bound for England, loaded with Irish Wolfhounds.
In the years that followed, many monasteries were founded throughout the country. Scripture and theology were the chief subjects of study at these schools.
Some monasteries passed into the control of lay people, and many kinds of abuses resulted.
In the 700's, a reform movement began, led by men called Celi De (servants of God), who preached a return to the former strictness of monastic life.
Some scholars are of the opinion that the Patrick story was invented entirely by the Catholic church, but all scholars agree that the people eventually accepted the new religion without much opposition. The monasteries became so important that the system of dioceses founded by St. Each monastery was independent, and the abbots of the monasteries eventually became more powerful than the bishops.
he early church in Ireland incorporated many of the Pagan ceremonies and rituals into their services and church calendar. uring this period generally called the Dark Ages in Europe religion and scholarship almost disappeared in some other countries.