In 2000 seven foreigners were killed on the Cape Flats over a five-week period in what police described as xenophobic murders possibly motivated by the fear that outsiders would claim property belonging to locals.
In October 2001 residents of the Zandspruit informal settlement gave Zimbabweans 10 days to leave the area.
Subsequent studies found indications of xenophobic attitudes towards these refugees, typified by their being denied access to the primary healthcare to which they were technically entitled.
The ANC government – in its attempts to overcome the divides of the past and build new forms of social cohesion...
Local leadership could be illegitimate and often violent when emerging from either a political vacuum or fierce competition, the report said, and such leaders enhanced their authority by reinforcing resentment towards foreigners.
1400 suspects were arrested in connection with the violence.
In August 2006 Somali refugees appealed for protection after 21 Somali traders were killed in July of that year and 26 more in August.On a series of riots started in the township of Alexandra (in the north-eastern part of Johannesburg) when locals attacked migrants from Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe, killing two people and injuring 40 others.A subsequent report, "Towards Tolerance, Law and Dignity: Addressing Violence against Foreign Nationals in South Africa" commissioned by the International Organisation for Migration found that poor service delivery or an influx of foreigners may have played a contributing role, but blamed township politics for the attacks.When the foreigners failed to leave voluntarily they were forcefully evicted and their shacks were burned down and looted.Community members said they were angry that Zimbabweans were employed while locals remained jobless and blamed the foreigners for a number of crimes. In the last week of 2005 and first week of 2006 at least four people, including two Zimbabweans, died in the Olievenhoutbosch settlement after foreigners were blamed for the death of a local man.